Inhibition of secreted phospholipases A2 by 2-oxoamides based on $α$-amino acids: Synthesis, in vitro evaluation and molecular docking calculations


Group IIA secreted phospholipase A2 (GIIA sPLA₂) is a member of the mammalian sPLA₂ enzyme family and is associated with various inflammatory conditions. In this study, the synthesis of 2-oxoamides based on $α$-amino acids and the in vitro evaluation against three secreted sPLA2s (GIIA, GV and GX) are described. The long chain 2-oxoamide GK126 based on the amino acid (S)-leucine displayed inhibition of human and mouse GIIA sPLA₂s (IC₅₀ 300nM and 180nM, respectively). It also inhibited human GV sPLA2 with similar potency, while it did not inhibit human GX sPLA₂. The elucidation of the stereoelectronic characteristics that affect the in vitro activity of these compounds was achieved by using a combination of simulated annealing to sample low-energy conformations before the docking procedure, and molecular docking calculations.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry